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What Is Included in Family Law Matters

What Is Included in Family Law Matters

Family law is a branch of jurisprudence that deals with matters relating to family relationships. It encompasses a wide range of topics from marriage, divorce, child custody, and adoption to more complex issues such as paternity disputes, guardianship, and domestic violence. While the scope of family law is broad, this blog will focus primarily on divorce and custody, two of the most common and emotionally charged areas within family law, while also touching upon other areas encompassed within this legal practice.


Divorce, the legal dissolution of a marriage, is one of the primary matters handled under family law. It involves navigating a complex web of legal requirements, negotiations, and court proceedings. Divorce law covers various aspects, including but not limited to:

  • Division of Property: This involves the equitable distribution of marital assets and debts between spouses. Texas, for example, is a community property state, meaning that most property acquired during the marriage is considered jointly owned and subject to division upon divorce. However, separate property (property owned before the marriage, inherited, or received as a gift) is not divided and remains with the original owner.
  • Alimony/Spousal Support: Alimony, also known as spousal support, is a financial support paid by one spouse to the other post-divorce. Its purpose is to provide financial assistance to the lower-earning spouse, helping them maintain a reasonable standard of living after the divorce.
  • Child Support: Child support is a payment made by the non-custodial parent to the custodial parent to contribute to the costs of raising their child. The amount of child support is typically determined by state guidelines and considers both parents’ incomes, the child’s needs, and other relevant factors.
what is family law


Child custody is another critical area within family law, focusing on the care, control, and maintenance of a child. Custody can be classified into two main types: physical custody (with whom the child lives) and legal custody (who has the right to make decisions about the child’s upbringing).

  • Sole vs. Joint Custody: Courts can award sole custody to one parent or joint custody to both parents, depending on what is in the child’s best interests. Joint custody arrangements require parents to cooperate on major decisions affecting the child, while sole custody allows one parent to make these decisions independently.
  • Visitation Rights: In cases where one parent has sole physical custody, the non-custodial parent is usually granted visitation rights. These rights allow the non-custodial parent to spend time with the child according to a schedule agreed upon by both parents or determined by the court.

Other Family Law Matters

While divorce and custody are at the forefront, family law also covers a wide array of other significant issues, including:

  • Adoption: The legal process of adopting a child, making them a legal member of your family.
  • Guardianship: Involves the legal authority to make decisions on behalf of another, typically a minor child or an incapacitated adult.
  • Paternity: Establishes the legal father of a child, which can affect child support, custody, and visitation rights.
  • Domestic Violence: Family law provides mechanisms for protecting individuals from domestic violence, including obtaining restraining orders.
  • Prenuptial and Postnuptial Agreements: Contracts entered into before or after marriage that outline how assets will be divided in the event of divorce or death.


Family law matters are deeply personal and can be emotionally fraught. Whether you’re going through a divorce, navigating custody issues, or dealing with any other family law matter, it’s crucial to have experienced legal representation to guide you through the process. At Setzer Law Firm, PLLC, our dedicated team understands the intricacies of family law and is committed to providing compassionate and effective legal assistance. Our goal is to help our clients achieve the best possible outcomes, ensuring their rights are protected and their voices heard. If you’re facing a family law issue, reach out to us for the support and guidance you need.

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